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Jewish Synagogue


Jewish%20Synagogue%20-KeralaTourismMaps

          The Paradesi Synagogue is the oldest active synagogue in the Commonwealth of Nations, located in Kochi, Kerala, in South India. Constructed in 1568, The Jews of Fort Kochi, who fled their homeland - Israel during the Diaspora embraced Fort Kochi as their second home.




          The Rajah of Cochin generously allotted the community land in Cochin da Cima, or Upper Cochin, next to his own palace and an adjacent small Hindu temple to service himself and his royal family. The synagogue, today the only functioning one in Kerala, was erected for a congregation whose core had migrated from Cranganore to the north of Kochi where they were then joined by a larger group of relative newcomers from Europe and Western Asia.


          The synagogue is located in the quarter of Old Cochin known as Jew Town, and is the only one of the seven synagogues in the area still in use. The complex has four buildings. It was built adjacent to the Mattancherry Palace temple on the land given to the Malabari Yehuden community by the Raja of Kochi, Rama Varma


 

          The Kerala Jewish community had the protection and friendship of the Rajah of Cochin, but was still exposed to the enmity of the Portuguese, who had established a trading post in Fort Cochin in the sixteenth century. The Portuguese attacked the Jews again in 1662 since they had sided with the Dutch in a skirmish for control over local territory. This was the result of attempts by the Dutch in 1661-62 to challenge the Portuguese for the European supremacy in South India



          The Malabari Jews formed a prosperous trading community of Kerala, and they controlled a major portion of world wide spice trade. In 1568, the Jews of Kerala constructed the Paradesi Synagogue adjacent to Mattancherry Palace, Cochin, now part of the Indian city of Ernakulam, on land given to them by the Raja of Kochi.


          A clock tower can also be seen, towering over and close to the facade. This was built in 1760 by Ezekiel Rahabi an affluent Jewish businessman. Of the four faces of the clock, the one facing the maharaja's palace showed the time in Malayalam. And among the other three, the face with etchings in Roman numerals was meant for the traders. Of the remaining two faces of the clock, one had writings in Hebrew while the other remains blank.






     Nearest Tourist Places in Ernakulam




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     Location


Jewish%20Synagogue%20-KeralaTourismMaps

 Nearest Airport:

 Cochin International Airport

 Road :

 From Airport to spot(42.6 km, 1 hours 01 mins )




   Directions :


1. Head north on Airport Rd/Domestic Terminal Rd
           450 m

2. At the roundabout, take the 1st exit
           180 m

3. At the roundabout, take the 2nd exit onto Airport Rd Pass by State Bank of India (on the right in 300 m)
           4.6 km

4. Turn left at Athaani Airport Jct onto Salem-Kanyakumari Hwy Pass by BP Petrol Pump (on the left in 15.5 km)
           16.9 km

5. Turn left at Edapally Station Kavala to stay on Salem-Kanyakumari Hwy Pass by Punjab National Bank (on the left in 2.7 km)
           9.9 km

6. Turn right at Kundannoor Jct onto Kochi - Dhanushkodi Rd/Kundannoor Willington Island Rd Continue to follow Kundannoor Willington Island Rd Pass by Tristar Residency (on the left)
           5.4 km

7. Turn left at Cochin Port Jct onto Thoppumpady BOT Bridge
           700 m

8. Turn right at BOT Bridge Jct onto Alappuzha-Arthunkal-Chellanam-Thoppumpady Rd/Aroor-Thoppumpady Rd Continue to follow Alappuzha-Arthunkal-Chellanam-Thoppumpady Rd Pass by State Bank of Travancore (on the left)
           900 m

9. At Muthu Medicals, continue onto Tagore Rd Pass by BP Gas Station (on the right)
           450 m

10. At Hero Honda Showroom, continue onto Moulana Azad Rd Pass by TB Hospital (on the right)
           2.2 km

11. Turn right at Aanavathil Jct onto Pazhayannur Temple Ln
           120 m

12.Spot





     Location




Jewish%20Synagogue%20-KeralaTourismMaps

 Nearest Railway station:

 Ernakulam South Railway Station

 Road :

 From Ernakulam South Railway Station to spot(11.1 km, 25 mins )


   Directions :





1. Head south on S Railway Station Rd
           150 m

2. Turn left to stay on S Railway Station Rd Pass by Tourist Land Tour & Travel (on the left)
           280 m

3. Turn left at South Jct onto Chittoor Rd Pass by Pioneer Placements & Services (on the left)
           400 m

4. Turn left at Valanjambalam Jct onto Ettumanoor - Ernakulam Rd/Sahodaran Ayyappan Rd
           38 m

5. Sharp right at Valanjambalam Jct to stay on Ettumanoor - Ernakulam Rd/Sahodaran Ayyappan Rd Pass by Medical Trust Hospital Out-Patient Block (on the left)
           180 m

6. Turn left at Pallimukku Jct onto Mahatma Gandhi Rd Pass by HSBC Bank (on the left)
           2.1 km

7. Continue onto Vikranth-Venduruthy Bridge
           850 m

8. Continue onto Old NH 47
           1.4 km

9. Turn left to stay on Old NH 47
           600 m

10. At Cochin Port Jct, continue onto Thoppumpady BOT Bridge
           650 m

11. Turn right at BOT Bridge Jct onto Alappuzha-Arthunkal-Chellanam-Thoppumpady Rd/Aroor-Thoppumpady Rd Continue to follow Alappuzha-Arthunkal-Chellanam-Thoppumpady Rd Pass by State Bank of Travancore (on the left)
           900 m

12. At Muthu Medicals, continue onto Tagore Rd Pass by BP Gas Station (on the right)
           450 m

13. At Hero Honda Showroom, continue onto Moulana Azad Rd Pass by TB Hospital (on the right)
           2.2 km

14. Turn right at Aanavathil Jct onto Pazhayannur Temple Ln
           120 m

15.Spot



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